Basics of Neuropsychiatry: What You Should Know
The Basics of Neuropsychiatry: What You Should Know

BY: Dr. Sagnik Mukherjee (MBBS; MD; MIPS; MIAPP)


Mental health disorders can impact anyone, regardless of age, gender, or background. Neuropsychiatry is a field that combines neurology and psychiatry to diagnose and treat mental health disorders with a focus on the nervous system. In this blog post, we will discuss the basics of neuropsychiatry, its role in mental health, common conditions, and available treatments to help you better understand this fascinating field of study.

Neuropsychiatric Evaluation

A neuropsychiatric evaluation is an assessment that combines neurological and psychiatric exams to determine the presence, cause, and severity of a mental health disorder. This evaluation can help your doctor identify if your symptoms are a result of a neurological condition, such as a brain injury, or mental illness, such as depression, anxiety, or ADHD.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Illness

Once a diagnosis has been made, a neuropsychiatrist can develop a treatment plan for the patient. Treatment options may include therapy, medication, and neurostimulation. Depending on the severity and type of mental disorder you have, your diagnosis and treatment plan may differ from those of other individuals.

Common Neuropsychiatric Conditions

It refers to mental health issues that affect the brain and nervous system, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and post-traumatic stress disorder. These conditions can cause changes in mood, behaviour, and thinking, and can significantly interfere with daily life. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and can vary from person to person. Treatment is often necessary and can include therapy, medication, lifestyle changes, and support from family and friends.


Depressive disorder is a common neuropsychiatric condition that causes feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in everyday activities. Depression can affect anyone regardless of age or background. The good news is that depression is a treatable condition. Treatment may include a combination of medication and therapy.


Anxiety disorder is another common neuropsychiatric condition that causes feelings of fear or worry. It can be triggered by a specific situation or can be present all the time. Anxiety can be treated with medication and cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT).

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects people of all ages. It is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Individuals with ADHD may experience difficulty concentrating, staying organized, and completing projects. ADHD can be treated with medication and behavioural therapy.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is a mental health condition that can occur after someone experiences or witnesses a traumatic event. Symptoms of PTSD include nightmares, flashbacks, and strong emotional reactions. PTSD can be treated with medication, therapy, and mindfulness practices.

Neuropsychiatric Treatments

Its are a specialized branch of medical treatments that focuses on the brain and its related mental health disorders. These treatments often involve a combination of medications, psychotherapy, and lifestyle changes to help people manage and improve their mental health and well-being. Neuropsychiatric treatments can be used to manage and treat a wide range of mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, ADHD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, PTSD, and personality disorders.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a type of talk therapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviours. It is often used to treat anxiety and depression. The goal of CBT is to help individuals learn new ways of thinking and behaving to manage their symptoms.


Medication is often used to treat neuropsychiatric conditionsThere are a variety of medications available that can help manage symptoms of depression, anxiety, ADHD, and other mental health disorders. It is important to speak with your doctor about the potential risks and benefits of medication before starting a new treatment.


Neurostimulation is a treatment that involves the use of electrical impulses to stimulate the brain. There are different types of neurostimulation, including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and deep brain stimulation (DBS). These treatments are often used as a third-line option when other treatments have not been effective.

Professional Neuropsychiatrist in Kolkata

Neuropsychiatry is a fascinating and essential field that can help individuals with mental health disorders to improve their quality of life by providing a multi-disciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. At our Mental Health Research Centre, located in Kolkata, India, we specialize in neuropsychiatry and provide high-quality care to patients who require mental health services. Our skilled and experienced team of professionals is dedicated to helping our patients by providing personalized care and treatment options.To book an appointment or to learn more about our services, please call Dr. Sagnik Mukherjee at 9831 313 020.

If you or someone you know is struggling with a mental health issue, it’s crucial to seek the assistance of a qualified professional.Our top-notch psychiatric clinic in Kolkata provides personalized treatment plans to meet the unique needs of each patient. Give us a call today to find out more about how we can provide support.