BY: Dr. Sagnik Mukherjee (MBBS; MD; MIPS; MIAPP)
What treatments are available for people with schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that can be disabling and life-altering. It is characterised by hallucinations, delusions, and disorganised thinking and behaviour.It is similar to bipolar disorder and people with schizophrenia may experience social withdrawal or have a split personality. The symptoms of schizophrenia can cause distress and antisocial behaviour.
Fortunately, there are treatments available for people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia that can help them manage their negative symptoms and live healthy, productive lives. Let’s take a look at the treatments available for people with schizophrenia.
The most common psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia are antipsychotic medications for psychotic disorders. These medications work by regulating certain brain chemicals that can cause psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia. The most common antipsychotic medications are aripiprazole, risperidone, and olanzapine. Antipsychotic medications can help reduce hallucinations, delusions, and disorganised thinking and behaviour. Psychotherapy is another treatment option for people with schizophrenia.
This type of therapy can help people with schizophrenia better understand their disorder and cope with their symptoms. It can also help people with schizophrenia identify and manage triggers, build healthy relationships, and develop problem-solving skills. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is another form of psychotherapy that can be helpful for people with schizophrenia. This type of therapy focuses on changing negative symptoms, thought patterns, and behaviours that can contribute to schizophrenia. Another treatment option for schizophrenia is electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). This treatment involves the use of electricity to stimulate the brain. It is typically used when other treatments have not been effective or when a person is in a severe state of distress. Finally, social support can be an important part of the treatment of schizophrenia. Having a strong support system of family, friends, and professionals can help.
Medications are the cornerstone of treatment for schizophrenia. Antipsychotic medications are the most commonly prescribed Antipsychotic drugs to treat the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia. They work by blocking the dopamine receptors in the brain, which helps reduce the symptoms of psychosis caused by environmental factors. These medications can help improve cognition, behaviour, and social functioning so that individuals with schizophrenia can lead more normal lives with psychotic symptoms. medical condition Common antipsychotics include olanzapine (Zyprexa), risperidone (Risperdal), quetiapine (Seroquel), clozapine (Clozaril), ziprasidone (Geodon), aripiprazole (Abilify) and paliperidone (Invega) with negative symptoms.
Psychosocial interventions are also important for people with schizophrenia and Mental disorders. These interventions include cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), family therapy, group therapy, supported employment and education, and other psychosocial interventions. Psychotic Disorders, Psychiatric Disorders, and CBT help people with schizophrenia learn to recognise and manage their symptoms.
Family therapy helps families learn how to better support their loved one who has schizophrenia as well as manage their stress levels. Group therapy offers individuals with schizophrenia an opportunity to gain insight into themselves from others who have similar experiences while also participating in meaningful activities within a supportive environment. Supported employment and education assist in finding employment or educational opportunities that may be beneficial for the individual’s long-term success in recovery from schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a serious and complex mental health condition that requires timely and ongoing management through professional medical assistance. Treatment of schizophrenia is tailored to the individual based on the severity and type of symptoms they experience. Much like bipolar disorder, this typically involves medications, such as antipsychotics and mood stabilisers, as well as psychosocial interventions, such as cognitive-behavioural therapy and family therapy. With ongoing help from qualified professionals, individuals with schizophrenia can learn how to manage their condition more effectively and restore their quality of life. It is essential for anyone dealing with a mental health issue to reach out for specialised help so that they can receive an appropriate treatment plan that best serves their needs.
Mental Health Research Centre (MHRC) is a psychiatric clinic in Kolkata that has a qualified psychiatrist and psychologist. We do psycho-diagnostic tests for most types of mental conditions, including anxiety or depression. Dr. Sagnik Mukherjee is a Consultant Psychiatrist and de-addiction specialist, practicing in MHRC with over a decade of experience in the field of mental health. He has attended multiple national and international conferences on psychiatry & related topics besides delivering lectures & appearing on TV. His area of interests are schizophrenia, depression, suicidal patients, geriatric mental problems, and de-addiction. To book an appointment visit 164/A2 Prince Anwar Shah Road Lake Gardens City 700045 or call 9831 313 020.